Rachel Galun (1926—2023)
Keywords:Obituary, personalia, entomology, medical, veterinary, agriculture, parasitology, physiology, blood-feeding, vector-born disease
Professor Rachel Galun (1926—2023) was a highly respected figure in medical, veterinary, and agricultural entomology, a brilliant scientist, mentor, and leader. Prof. Galun contributed significantly to the study of medically relevant insects and ticks, expanded our understanding of vector-borne diseases and provided valuable insights into the interactions between these arthropods and the pathogens they transmit. She researched the mechanisms behind mosquitoes' ability to identify the blood of their hosts by detecting ATP; the stimulation of ticks' cheliceral sensillae by sensing glutathione in the blood that induce ticks to feed; demonstrated the capability of tsetse flies and mosquitoes to inhibit the host's local immune response for blood-feeding purposes. Her research included radiation, radioisotopes, insect pest rearing methods, sterile male techniques for tsetse flies, the physiology and control of the medfly, and the role of purinergic receptors in hematophagous insects' blood meals, the development of artificial feeding methods to study sensory responses in insects, particularly mosquitoes. Prof. Rachel Galun did her research at the Israel Institute for Biological Research and at the Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, and lectured at the Tel Aviv University, Haifa Medical School, Techinion, Haifa and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem; at the latter she became a Professor of Zoology and served as head of the department. Prof. Galun conducted seminars at the World Health Organization in Geneva, the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna, and the International Center of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE) in Nairobi, where she also served as a member of the Board of Directors. She was a member of the Council for the International Congresses of Entomology (ICE) for both the ICE meetings in 1992 (Beijing, China) and 1966 (Firenze, Italy). Prof. Galun was one of the important founders of the Entomological Society of Israel. Many of her students and mentees are continuing to make significant contributions to entomology.
To cite: Mumcuoglu, K.Y. 2023. Rachel Galun (1926—2023). Israel Journal of Entomology 52: 9–19.
Copyright (c) 2023 Kosta Y. Mumcuoglu
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.